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Architecture of Ancient Rome Roman Characteristics Influences Building Techniques: Arch, Vault, Dome Influence of Ancient Greece Use of Concrete Building Materials Temples Basilicas The Pantheon Theatres Amphitheatres Public Baths Triumphal Arches Bridges, Aqueducts Roman Roads Lighthouses Urban Planning, Houses, Residential Architecture Legacy Famous Roman Buildings Leaders of Ancient Rome most associated with architecture as a form of political and urban art, include: Augustus (27 BCE-14 CE) Tiberius (14-37) Caligula (37-41) Claudius (41-54) Nero (54-68) Vespasian (69-79) Titus (79-81) Domitian (81-96) Trajan (98-117) Hadrian (117-138) Antoninus Pius (138-161) Marcus Aurelius (161-180) Caracalla (211-217) Diocletian (284-305) Maxentius (306-312) Constantine I (306-337)Roman architecture, even more than the rest of Roman art, reflected the practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its creators.As the Roman Empire expanded to engulf not only the Mediterranean region but also large areas of Western Europe, Roman architects struggled to achieve two overriding aims: to demonstrate the grandeur and power of Rome, while also improving the life of their fellow citizens.
Characteristic of Roman architectural design was the construction of complex forms of domes to suit multilobed ground plans.
But the Greek influence, coming from Greek colonial cities in the south of the country, and from the Greek world of the eastern Mediterranean, rapidly became dominant.
In architecture, however, the Romans absorbed some important techniques from the Etruscans before Greek influence was decisively felt.
To this end, they mastered a number of important architectural techniques, including the arch, the dome and the vault, as well as the use of concrete.
Using these methods, Roman engineers designed and built some of the greatest public buildings in the history of architecture, including temples, basilicas, amphitheatres, triumphal arches, monuments, and public baths.